Modi and Xi today began their last round of one-on-one talks on the second day of a two-day informal summit aimed at forging consensus to improve the bilateral relations and address the contentious issues bedevilling their ties.
Last year, Indian and Chinese troops faced off on the Doklam plateau, an area high in the Himalayas claimed both by China and by India's ally Bhutan. "Prime Minister Modi and President Xi reviewed developments in India-China relations from the strategic and long-term perspective" said the Foreign Secretary who added that both countries have "agreed to significantly enhance efforts to build on the convergences through the established mechanisms in order to create the broadest possible platform for the future relationship".
Maintaining peace along India-China border region and issuing strategic guidance to respective militaries.
"The two leaders further directed their militaries to earnestly implement various confidence-building measures agreed upon between the two sides, including the principle of mutual and equal security, and strengthen existing institutional arrangements and information sharing mechanisms to prevent incidents in border regions".
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday praised Indian artists for their popularity across the globe and said that it felt great to hear the famous Bollywood rendition "Tu tu hai wahi dil ne jise apna kaha" in China for his welcome.
India has put out that the two countries looked forward to working in the direction of peace, and that they had also agreed to do a joint economic project in Afghanistan, in which context China has been seen as Pakistan's partner.
China and India, as the two biggest developing countries and two emerging economies each with a population of over 1 billion, are both important engines of global economic growth, as well as backbone forces for promoting multi-polarization and economic globalization, Xi said.
PM Modi and Xi also recognised the common threat posed by terrorism and both reiterated their resolute opposition to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.More news: Mourinho: Alexis Sanchez is going to be great for Man United
As for Afghanistan, the details would be announced once the two sides decided on the project. The BRI includes the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor which India opposes as it goes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
India and China have a long-standing border issue.
On the informal summit, Gokhale said, "This is a new way of communication that the leaders are trying".
"As for whether India accepts the expression Belt and Road, I think it is not important and China will not be too hard on it", he said. It was a comprehensive meeting between the two heads of government in the wake of the Doklam military standoff in 2017 and hopes were rekindled that two neighbours brought their relations back on the track. To handle the situations at the border, Modi and Xi have made a decision to work on making the mechanism strong.
Both nations have previously said they are committed to solving long-standing border disagreements through dialogue, but progress has been glacial.
Beijing's opposition to New Delhi's entry into the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group and its application at the United Nations to declare Pakistan-based terrorist Masood Azhar are other sticking points between the two.
He said Prime Minister Modi fully agreed to that the two sides should resolve their difference in a proper way.